Fujian Jie Ke International Trade Co., Ltd.

Floor Drain, Bathroom Accessory, Screen manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Upward Turning Stainless Steel Bathroom Double Shelf Towel Rack (M06), Stainless Steel Escape Function Lock (H-8501-01), High Quality Stainless Steel Bathroom Hardware Net/ Storage Rack Shelf (W18) and so on.

(/ )

Stainless Steel Knowledge

Stainless Steel Product Knowledge
Stainless Steel Product Knowledge [Sep 07,2016]
Stainless Steel Product Knowledge
 
What is Stainless Steel?

Stainless steel is a group of iron-based metal containing at least 10% chromium (alloy metals).
 
The chromium oxide "CrO" creates an invisible barrier ("passive film") to oxygen and moisture. Therefore the Chromium protects the iron against most corrosion or red-colored rust; thus the term "stainless" steel.
 
The layer is too thin to be visible, meaning the metal stays shiny. It is, however, impervious to water and air, protecting the metal beneath. Also, when the surface is scratched this layer quickly reforms.
 
The purpose of stainless steel is to provide hard steel material highly resistant to stain, rust and corrosion and resistance against:
 
- Adverse atmospheric conditions such as carbon dioxide, moisture, electrical fields, sulfur, salt, and chloride compounds
- Natural and artificially produced chemical (e.g. ozone)
- Extremes of weather such as cold temperatures
 
In 1821 the Frenchman named Berthier found that iron when alloyed with chromium was resistant to some acids. It is worth stating that all steel types exposed to water and oxygen will corrode. However it is accepted as an international standard, that if less than 0,1 mm of the surface of a stainless steel plate is corroded in a year, then it is durable and can be accepted as chosen quality for the application.
 
 
Environmental issues
 
Stainless steel is 100% recyclable. In fact, over 50% of new stainless steel is made from remelted scrap metal, rendering it an eco-friendly material. Product dusts from processing
may be classified as a hazardous waste, depending on various properties of the dust (e.g. toxicity, solubility, flammability). 
 
Articles produced from solid product are not an ecological hazard. However finely divided product are hazardous, based on its components, to fish, animals, plants and the environment if released, the degree of which would depend on the particle size and quantity released.
   
Occupational health and safety issues
 
Any articles manufactured from these solid products would be generally classified as non-hazardous. However, some metallic elements contained in these products have been determined to be toxic and are subject to regulatory controls. These elements can be emitted as airborne contaminants under certain processing conditions such as burning, melting, cutting, sawing, brazing, grinding, milling, machining.
 
Certain materials and equipment utilized in processing of steel products (cutting/machining fluids, coatings, processing, lubricants, cleaning/pickling chemicals, welding fluxes, torch and plasma cutting systems) may constitute a health hazard and should be treated accordingly.
 
Types of stainless steel
 
There are over 150 grades of stainless steel, of which fifteen are most common.
The AISI (American Iron and Steel Institute) defines the following grades among others:
 
- 200 Series—austenitic iron-chromium-nickel-manganese alloys
 
- 300 Series—austenitic iron-chromium-nickel alloys 
Type 301—highly ductile, for formed products. Also hardens rapidly
during mechanical working. 
Type 303—free machining version of 304 via addition of sulfur
Type 304—the most common; the classic 18/8 stainless steel
Type 316—Alloy addition of molybdenum to prevent specific forms of
corrosion
- 400 Series—ferritic and martensitic alloy.

Fujian Jie Ke International Trade Co., Ltd.

Fujian, China
Account Registered in: 2016
Business Type: Manufacturer/Factory